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Marcelling Hair Styles is a hair styling technique in which hot curling tongs are used to trigger curling into the hair. Its appearance was similar to that of a finger wave, but it was created using a different method. Marcelled hair was a popular style for women’s hair in the 1920s, often combined with a bob cut.

Marcelling 1

Marcelling Hair Styles

For women with longer hair, it was common to tie the hair at the nape of the neck and fasten it over the ear with a stylish hairpin or flower. One of the famous users was Josephine Baker. Accounts vary as to the invention of the style, but Marcel Grateau 1852-1936 is widely credited with inventing the hair styling technique in the 1870s. different accounts report 1872 or 1875. The inventor and stylist emigrated to the United States and changed his name to François Marcel Woelfflé, sometimes reported as François Marcel.

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He received US patents for applying this technique; the first US patents. in 1905, patent No. 806386 entitled “Curling Iron” was issued, and in 1918, under the name François Marcel, the second patent for the electric version, entitled “Hair-Shaking Iron”, was issued. His obituary appeared in 1936 under the name Francois Marcel Grateau. Permanent waving process known as the name of its inventor Marcel hairstyle women 1920 long and deeply Monsieur Marcel Marcel grateau particularly attractive than it did in the thirties click here to.

Marcel Wave Hairstyle

1872 shook’s about innovation, but if you ask me as the ideal twenties softer, more feminine and switch the hat for a look, it was a combination of the styles changing for a while. Cloche hats can severely crush your hair when the hat is removed. Many women who shook their hair in the twenties also had permanents. If they do not have perms or do not have naturally curly hair, it can ruin a hairstyle. Earlier and 1920s curly hairstyles click here. Permanent Waves 1920s C.

Marcel Waves and Finger Waves Hairstyles of the 1920s

The Nestle Company sold electric permanent shaking equipment like this to hairdressing salons. Nestle also sold household permanent machines that heat only one cylinder and plug into an electrical outlet, since most homes do not have wall outlets in every room. Irons Parisian L. It was produced by Pelleray and exported worldwide. The original irons were heavy tongs with rounded inner surfaces that had to be handled by an operator trained to know how to make a deep natural-looking wave, not a round curl.

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The tongs were heated on a rectangular-shaped gas burner about six or seven inches long and two inches wide. As you can imagine with such primitive equipment, it was difficult to maintain the right temperature so that the iron was very cold, and the wave did not get too hot, and the hair burned out. The hairdresser tested the iron on a piece of paper before using it on the client’s hair. If the paper burned, the iron was too hot. However, by 1924, electric shaking irons were available, with which the temperature of the iron could be adjusted.

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Marcel irons originally came in four sizes A B C and D and were used according to individual preferences, but in 1933 an adjustable iron was developed. It was used in combination with an iron comb. Today, gold-plated and ceramic marcel irons are available for hairdressers, which eliminates most of the risks and problems associated with premature ironing. MARCEL WAVE IRON AND COMBNOTE: There are conflicting references to Marcel’s full name. Some sources call him Marcel Grateau, others Francois R.

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Marcel and Francois Marcel Grateau refers to it as an obituary that reads. Marcel started in the 1870s with a small salon in Montemarte France, where his clients were the poorer classes. While developing the waving method that would later become Marcel Wave, he struggled to find clients to practice with. In order to improve the process and gain experience, she initially had to do hairdressing for free. Others, after seeing the beautiful wavy hairstyles of their first models, began to experience an increase in traditions and were able to start charging for their service.

Marcelling hair

Poorer clients would come to Marcel’s salon and he would make house calls for richer clients. Marcel’s big break came when he styled the hair of the popular actress Jane Hading in the technique of waving, which immediately created a tremendous publicity, for which he capitalized. I checked the U.S. Patent records to find Marcel’s correct name. The earliest record I could find was a 1905 patent for a variation on the original marcel iron assigned to Francois Marcel Woelffle of New York City, New York. in 1918, Francois Marcel was awarded a patent for an electric marcel iron.

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There was a note in the patent application stating that he legally changed his name from Woelffle to Marcel between dec905 and 1908. The name changes made by immigrants during this period were quite common, as they tried to fit into the American way of life. Later patent applications filed in 1923, 1925 and 1927 under the name Francois Rene Marcel indicate that he also adopted the middle name Rene. Marcelling is a hair styling technique in which hot curling tongs are used to trigger curling into the hair.

Its appearance was similar to that of a finger wave, but it was created using a different method. Marcelled hair was a popular style for women’s hair in the 1920s, often combined with a bob cut. For women with longer hair, it was common to tie the hair at the nape of the neck and fasten it over the ear with a stylish hairpin or flower. One of the famous users was Josephine Baker. take a look at these great vintage photos to see women with marcel waves in the 1920s. The Marcel Wave is named after the French hairdresser François Marcel, who invented the process in 1872.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcelling

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